Paraffin Wax - Overview

Paraffin wax is a mineral wax derived from petroleum, made from de-oiled slack wax, which is derived by de-waxing base distillate lube oil streams of mainly straight chain alkanes. It is a white or colorless soft, solid wax, with a typical melting point between about 47 °C and 64 °C (117°F to 147°F), begin to enter the liquid phase past approximately 37°C. Paraffin wax is brittle, and having a density of around 0.9 g/cm3. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in ether, benzene, and certain esters. Paraffin is unaffected by most common chemical reagents, but burns readily.

Manufacturing Process

Paraffin wax is extracted from crude oil, solid at room temperature and is used to make a wide range of products, the best known of which are candles. It is an inert, impermeable, shiny, and biodegradable product which burns without harmful or corrosive fumes being given off. Paraffin waxes are characterized by melting point, oil content and penetration.

The Uses of Paraffin Wax

Paraffin wax is widely used in various cosmetic products and toiletries as a moisturizing agent. It is a natural emollient, helping make skin supple and soft. When applied to the skin, it adds moisture and continues to boost the moisture levels of the skin after the treatment is complete. It is also an excellent pore cleanser and skin exfoliator. It also acts as a natural tightening agent for the skin.
Candle Manufacturing

Paraffin wax is popularly used in candle making process. Paraffin candles are odorless and bluish-white in color, burns more cleanly and are also cheaper than other types of candles.

Food Industry

Paraffin wax (food grade) are used as coatings or additives in food items such as candies and many kinds of hard cheeses. It is also used as chewing gum additive and as sealants for jars, cans and bottles.

Textile and Leather Industry

Paraffin wax is used as waterproofing agent for textiles and as tanning agents for leather.

Therapeutic Benefits

Paraffin wax may be used to help relieve pain in the hands of people with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia and other joint mobility issues. It acts like a form of heat therapy and can help increase blood flow, relax muscles, and decrease joint stiffness. Paraffin wax can also minimize muscle spasms and inflammation as well as treat sprains.


SynonymsParaffin Wax; White Cake
CAS No8002-74-2
Molecular WeightVariable
Chemical FormulaCnH2n+2


Appearance-White or Colorless Soft Solid
Melting Point°C≥ 58 - 60
Oil Content%(m/m)≤ 1.8
Color Saybolt-+ 17
Penetration Degree (25 °C)1 / 10 mm≤ 23
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